Contextual appraisal of gm cotton diffusion in south africa

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Article de revue scientifique de J. Kirsten and J. Hofs and M. Gouse - 2007

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  • Référence bibliographique
  • Année de publication
  • 2007
  • Auteur(s)
  • J. Kirsten and J. Hofs and M. Gouse
  • Titre du document
  • Contextual appraisal of gm cotton diffusion in south africa
  • Titre en anglais
  • Contextual appraisal of gm cotton diffusion in south africa
  • Adresse email de l'auteur
  • michel.fok@cirad.fr
  • Adresse URL
  • http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/view_by_stamp.php?&halsid=ab9786acfffd86ce6d325a67d121d5ed&label=SHS&langue=fr&action_todo=view&id=halshs-00176546&version=1
  • Journal ou Magazine
  • Life Science International Journal
  • Numéros de pages
  • 4
  • Volume
  • 1
  • Pays concerné(s)
  • Afrique du Sud
  • Thésaurus associé(s)
  • Colire
  • Mots-clé(s) Colire
  • Facteur biotechno des coûts de production
    Coût des semences GM
    Redevance technologique
    Conditions d'utilisation des semences GM
    Influence du secteur privé
    Secteur privé
    Cadre national et accès aux technologies
    Fourniture des messages techniques
    Crédit intrants
  • Enregistré le
  • 2011-12-14
  • Modifié le
  • 2011-12-14
  • Administré par
  • Fok Michel
  • Résumé
  • The bulk of the South African cotton crop is produced by large scale commercial farmers. Therefore it might be misleading to present South Africa%u2019s impressive Genetically Modified Cotton (GMC) adoption figures as evidence of successful GMC use by smallholder farmers. The South African cotton sector struggles in an unstable production and market environment and smallholders with limited resources and limited production, managerial and marketing capacity and choice suffer most. The total South African cotton area and number of farmers decreased drastically since the introduction of GMC and this causes observers to question the so-called success story of GMC in South Africa. The South African smallholder experience has shown that technology introduction on its own cannot sustainably increase production; factors like institutional arrangements plays a vital role. Studies have in the past focussed exclusively on the performance of the new technology and the institutional role has been under emphasised. The results of our research complement the existing studies by pointing out low profitability in an unfavourable climatic and institutional context. This reminds us that rain-fed agriculture remains sensitive to climatic hazards and that new technology adoption under these conditions might increase financial risk associated with cotton production.
  • Résumé en anglais
  • The bulk of the South African cotton crop is produced by large scale commercial farmers. Therefore it might be misleading to present South Africa%u2019s impressive Genetically Modified Cotton (GMC) adoption figures as evidence of successful GMC use by smallholder farmers. The South African cotton sector struggles in an unstable production and market environment and smallholders with limited resources and limited production, managerial and marketing capacity and choice suffer most. The total Sout...